Publications

Transboundary Water Governance


Emma Norman bookNorman, E.S. (2015) Governing transboundary waters: Canada, the United States and indigenous communities. New York, Routledge.

This book explores how colonial politics impact water governance – particularly for Indigenous communities spanning international borders.  The book examines the cultural politics of ‘transboundary water governance’ in a postcolonial context and highlights how Indigenous-led efforts are reframing water governance and politics. The hopeful cases provide insight into the power of reframing water governance by and for Indigenous Peoples.

Endorsement: Bringing together politics of coloniality and indigenous struggles for territorial, cultural and resource rights with water politics at the US-Canada border, this work makes significant conceptual and policy relevant contributions. Skillfully weaving diverse narratives, experiences, and moments of relevance for Indigenous communities on both sides of the border, the book makes for an inspiring read that explores key debates for contemporary water governance. – Karen Bakker and Leila Harris, Co-Directors, Program on Water Governance, University of British Columbia, Canada.

For more information, or to purchase a copy of this text, visit  http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415838597/


Norman, E.S., Cohen, A.C., and Bakker, K. (2013) Water Without Borders? Canada, the United States and Shared Waters. University of Toronto Press.

Water without Borders? is designed to help readers develop a balanced understanding of the most pressing shared water issues between Canada and the united states. the contributors explore possible frictions between governance institutions and contemporary management issues, illustrated through analyses of five specific transboundary water “flashpoints.” the volume offers both a historical survey of transboundary governance mechanisms and a forward-looking assessment of new models of governance that will allow us to manage water wisely in the future.


Norman, Emma, Cohen, Alice, and Bakker, Karen (eds) (2012). Flashpoints and Collaboration: How problems can inspire innovative solutions for Canada, the US, and the governance of shared waters (Report June 2012). Vancouver: Program on Water Governance.


Norman, Emma and K. Bakker. (2010). “Governing Water across the Canada-U.S. Borderland” in Borders and Bridges: Navigating Canada’s International Policy Relations in a North American Context. Oxford: Oxford University Press, editors Geoffrey Hale and Monica Gattinger. 194-212.


Norman, Emma S. and Bakker, Karen, 2009. “Transgressing Scales: Transboundary Water Governance across the Canada – U.S. Border.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 99 (1): 99 – 117.


Norman, Emma S. and Jean O. Melious. 2008. Hidden Waters: Transboundary Environmental Management across the 49th Parallel. Border Bio-Regions and Coastal Corridors: Transnational Policy Challenges in Western North America. University of Calgary Press. Editors Don Alper, Chad Day, and James Loucky. 195-218.


Norman, Emma and Karen Bakker. (2007). Local Canada – U.S. Transboundary Water Governance: Issues, Drivers and Barriers. (Briefing Note). Vancouver, BC: Program on Water Governance.


Norman, Emma and Karen Bakker. (2007) “Local Stakeholders Governing Water across the 49th Parallel.” Bellingham, WA: Border Policy Research Institute: Western Washington University, 2007. 1-4. Vol. 2.


Norman, E. and Bakker, K. 2005. “Drivers and Barriers of Cooperation in Transboundary Water Governance: A Case Study of Western Canada and the United States.” Report to The Walter and Duncan Gordon Foundation.


Norman, Emma and Karen Bakker. Oct. 2004 Transboundary Groundwater Governance: An Annotated Bibliography.

Municipal Water Governance


Furlong, K. (2016) Leaky governance: Alternative service delivery and the myth of water utility independence. Vancouver, UBC Press.

About the Book: Municipalities face important water supply challenges. These are widely attributed to local government politicization. Neoliberal reforms have only exacerbated the strained relationships between water utilities and local governments. In response, organizational reform to increase utility autonomy through alternative service delivery (ASD) has been promoted around the world. For its proponents, ASD offers independence from municipal government without relinquishing control over the utility; for its detractors, it is privatization under another name. Yet the organizational barriers offered by ASD are at best leaky. Deeply interdependent, both water management and municipal governance must be strengthened to meet contemporary water supply needs.

Leaky Governance explores ASD’s relation to neoliberalization, water supply, and local governance. Drawing on economic geography and political ecology, Kathryn Furlong examines organizational models for water supply and how they are affected by shifting governance and institutional environments. Her analysis of Ontario paints a complex picture of both ASD and municipal government.

Leaky Governance addresses urgent and topical questions in urban governance and water management, tackling increasingly pressing environmental, political, and social issues surrounding water supply and their relationship to urban governance and economics, as well as to broader issues in public policy.

For further information and a time-limited discount, see the attached flyer.


Öberg, G., M.G. Merlinsky, A. LaValle, M. Morales & M.M. Tobias (2014). The notion of sewage as waste: a study of infrastructure change and institutional inertia in Buenos Aires, Argentina and Vancouver, Canada. Ecology and Society 19 (2): 19.


Klein, D.R., G. Ebrahimi, L. Navilloz,  B. Thurm, & G. Öberg (2014). Water Management at UBC. Background report for the project: Would it make sense to develop an integrated resource management strategy for UBC, using a water lens? Vancouver, BC: Program on Water Governance.

Click here for a web-based version of the report.


Furlong, Kathryn and Karen Bakker (2010). The contradictions of “Alternative” Service Delivery: Governance, Business Models, and Sustainability in Municipal Water Supply. Working Paper: Manuscript submitted to Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy vol. 28 issue 2.


Furlong, K. and K. Bakker (2010). Governance and sustainability at a municipal scale: The challenge of water conservation. Working Paper: Manuscript submitted to Canadian Public Policy.


Cook, C. & K. Furlong (2008). Good Governance for Municipal Water Conservation: An Annotated Bibliography. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance & Infrastructure Canada. This annotated bibliography present a ready guide to key research in the area of municipal water conservation policy and practice.


Gardner, J. & Furlong, K. (2008). Workshop Report: Sustainable Water Infrastructure Management in Canada Workshop held May 5th, 2008 at the Peter Wall Institute, UBC. Vancouver, BC: Program on Water Governance and Infrastructure Canada.


Furlong, K., C. Cook & K. Bakker (2008). Good Governance for Water Conservation: A Primer. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance & Infrastructure Canada. This primer present a ready guide to the policy consideration stemming from the project research.
Version française: Bonne gouvernance pour la conservation de l’eau: Guide d’introduction.


Furlong, K. & K. Bakker (2008). Achieving Water Conservation: Strategies for Good Governance (Policy Report). Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance & Infrastructure Canada. This document is the second policy report to result from the project and follows from the Canada-wide research phase of the project.
Version française: Réaliser la conservation de l’eau: Stratégies pour une bonne gouvernance.

Water and Development


Harris, L. (in press). Theorizing Gender, Ethnic Difference and Inequality in Relation to Water Access and Politics in Southeastern Turkey. In: C. Ashcraft and T. Mayer (Eds) The Politics of Freshwater: Access, Conflict and Identity, Routledge, Earthscan.

A pre-publication version of the chapter is available here.


Harris, L., Kleiber, D., Goldin, J., Darkwah, A. & Morinville, C. (2016) Intersections of gender and water: comparative approaches to everyday gendered negotiations of water access in underserved areas of Accra, Ghana and Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Gender Studies: 22pp.

The survey instruments used in this study can be accessed here for the survey conducted in Cape Town, South Africa, and here for the survey conducted in Accra, Ghana.


New book out: Buechler, S. and Hanson, A-M. S. (2015). A Political Ecology of Women, Water and Global Environmental Change. Routledge, London.

This edited volume explores how a feminist political ecology framework can bring fresh insights to the study of rural and urban livelihoods dependent on vulnerable rivers, lakes, watersheds, wetlands and coastal environments. Bringing together political ecologists and feminist scholars from multiple disciplines, the book develops solution-oriented advances to theory, policy and planning to tackle the complexity of these global environmental changes. The text includes a foreword by Dr. Leila Harris.


Morinville, C. & L.M. Harris (2014). Participation, politics, and panaceas: exploring the possibilities and limits of participatory urban water governance in Accra, GhanaEcology and Society 19 (3): 36.

A summary of the key messages and implications for decision makers from this article is available here.


Bakker, K. (2014). The business of water: Market environmentalism in the water sector. Annual Review of Environment and Resources 39: 469-494.


New book out:  Harris, L., Goldin, J., Sneddon, C. (2013). Contemporary Water Governance in the Global South: Scarcity, Marketization and Participation. Routledge, London. Order your copy here.

This book focuses on three major concepts and approaches that have gained currency in policy and governance circles, both globally and regionally—scarcity and crisis, marketization and privatization, and participation. It provides a historical and contextual overview of each of these ideas as they have emerged in global and regional policy and governance circles and pairs these with in-depth case studies that examine manifestations and contestations of water governance internationally.


Mirosa, O. and Harris, L. (2011). Human Right to Water: Contemporary Challenges and Contours of a Global Debate. Antipode 44(3): 932-949.


Harris, L., Goldin, J. and Sneddon, C. (2013). Contemporary Water Governance in the Global South: Scarcity, Marketization and Participation. Routledge, London

Water in Canada


Harris, L. & Simms, R. (2016). “All of the water that is in our reserves and that is in our territories is ours”: Colonial and indigenous water governance in unceded indigenous territories in British Columbia. Project Report. Canadian Water Network & Water, Economics, Policy and Governance Network. French version available here.

The main findings of this research and insights for decision makers are summarized in a policy brief, available in English and French.


Jollymore, A., McFarlane, K. & Harris, L.M. (2016) Whose input counts? Public consultation and the Water Sustainability Act. Policy Brief. Vancouver: Program on Water Governance


Simms, R. (2015). Indigenous water governance in British Columbia and Canada: Annotated bibliography. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


Dunn, G.,  Harris, L. and Bakker, K. (2015). Microbial risk governance: Challenges and opportunities in Canada. Canadian Water Resources Journal, 40(3): 237-249. [Open Access]


McFarlane, K., Harris, L. and Bakker, K. (2014). Regional surface and groundwater management and governance study: Review of North American case studies. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


McFarlane, K., Harris, L. and Bakker, K. (2014). Features of institutions and governance processes that enable efficient, effective and equitable water management. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


Dunn, G., Harris, L. Cook, C. and Prystajecky, N. (2014).  A comparative analysis of current microbial water quality risk assessment and management practices in British Columbia and Ontario, Canada. Science of the Total Environment 468-469: 544-552.

The main findings of this research and insights for policy makers and practitioners are summarized in this policy brief.


Dunn, G., N. Henrich, B. Holmes, L. Harris and N. Prystajecky. (2014). Microbial water quality communication: Public and practitioner insights from British Columbia, Canada. Journal of Water and Health 12(3): 584-595.

Water Security


Bakker, K. and Allen, D. (2015). Canadian Water Security Assessment Framework: Tools for Assessing Water Security and Improving Watershed Governance (End-User Report). Waterloo, ON: Canadian Water Network.


Water Security: Principles, Perspectives and PracticesWater Security Bk Cover 2013

Edited by Bruce Lankford, Karen Bakker, Mark Zeitoun, Declan Conway

The purpose of this book is to present an overview of the latest research, policy, practitioner, academic and international thinking on water security—an issue that, like water governance a few years ago, has developed much policy awareness and momentum with a wide range of stakeholders. As a concept it is open to multiple interpretations, and the authors here set out the various approaches to the topic from different perspectives.

Key themes addressed include:
·         Water security as a foreign policy issue
·         The interconnected variables of water, food, and human security
·         Dimensions other than military and international relations concerns around water security
·         Water security theory and methods, tools and audits.

The book is loosely based on a masters level degree plus a short professional course on water security both given at the University of East Anglia, delivered by international authorities on their subjects. It should serve as an introductory textbook as well as be of value to professionals, NGOs, and policy-makers.

For more details see http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415534710/

 


Bakker, K. (2012). Water Security: Research Challenges and Opportunities. Science, 33(6097): 914-915. DOI: 10.1126/science.1226337


Dunn, Gemma (ed.) (2012). Water Security Guidance Document. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


Cook, C., and Bakker, K. (2012). Water Security: Debating an emerging paradigm. Global Environmental Change, 22(1): 94-102. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.10.011


Special Issue – Water Alternatives
Themed Section: Water Governance and the Politics of Scale
Guest Editors: Emma Norman, Christina Cook and Karen Bakker

Introduction to the Themed Section: Water governance and the politics of scale
Emma Norman, Karen Bakker and Christina Cook
Water Alternatives 5(1): 52-61                    Abstract | Full Text – PDF

The politics of scaling water governance and adjudication in New Mexico
Eric P. Perramond
Water Alternatives 5(1): 62-82                    Abstract | Full Text – PDF

Toward post-sovereign environmental governance? Politics, scale, and EU Water Framework Directive
Corey Johnson
Water Alternatives 5(1): 83-97                    Abstract | Full Text – PDF

State development and the rescaling of agricultural hydrosocial governance in semi-arid Northwest China
Afton Clarke-Sather
Water Alternatives 5(1): 98-118                  Abstract | Full Text – PDF

Restructuring and rescaling water governance in mining contexts: The co-production of waterscapes in Peru
Jessica Budds and Leonith Hinojosa
Water Alternatives 5(1): 119-137                Abstract | Full Text – PDF

Cultural politics and transboundary resource governance in the Salish sea
Emma Norman
Water Alternatives 5(1): 138-160                Abstract | Full Text – PDF

Parcelling out the watershed: The recurring consequences of organising Columbia river management within a basin-based territory
Eve Vogel
Water Alternatives 5(1): 161-190                Abstract | Full Text – PDF


Emma Norman with Karen Bakker, Christina Cook, Gemma Dunn and Diana Allen (March 2010). Water Security: A Primer (Policy Report). Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance. (Note: This document represents the first formulation of our Water Security Assessment Framework, which has since been refined and updated).

Version française: La sécurité hydrique: Guide d’introduction


Dunn, Gemma and Karen Bakker (2009). Canadian Approaches to Assessing Water Security: an Inventory of Indicators (Policy Report). Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


Norman, Emma S., Karen Bakker, Gemma Dunn. 2011. Recent developments in Canadian water policy: An emerging water security paradigm. Canadian Water Resources Journal. 36(1), 53-66.

Water Justice


Harris, L., Rodina, L. &  C. Morinville (2015). Revisiting the human right to water from an environmental justice lens. Politics, Groups and Identities Journal. In press. DOI:10.1080/21565503.2015.1080619

A summary of the key messages and contributions of this article is available here.


Roa-García, M.C. & S. Brown (2015). Assessing equity and sustainability of water allocation in Colombia. Local Environment, In press. DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2015.1070816


Roa-García, M.C., S. Brown & L. Lavkulich (2014). Stream closure and water allocation in the Colombian Andes. International Journal of Water, 8 (2): 128-148.


Roa-García, M.C. & A. Pulido-Rozo (2014). The challenge of urban-rural equity in water access for domestic use in Colombia. Ambiente y Sostenibilidad 2014 (4): 3-15 (In Spanish)



Wilson, N.J., Walter, M.T., and Waterhouse, J. 2015. Indigenous Knowledge of Hydrologic Change in the Yukon River Basin: A Case Study of Ruby, Alaska. ARCTIC 68, 93–106. doi:10.14430/arctic4459

Indigenous Water Governance


Bakker, K., L. Harris, N. Joe, and R. Simms. (In press 2017). “Indigenous Peoples and Water Governance in Canada: Regulatory Injustice and Prospects for Reform.” In Water Justice, ed. R. Boelens et al., Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Wilson, N.J. (2014). Indigenous water governance: Insights from the hydrosocial relations of the Koyukon Athabascan village of Ruby, Alaska. Geoforum 57, 1–11. doi:10.1016/j.geoforum.2014.08.005


Wilson, N.J., Walter, M.T., and Waterhouse, J. 2015. Indigenous Knowledge of Hydrologic Change in the Yukon River Basin: A Case Study of Ruby, Alaska. ARCTIC 68, 93–106. doi:10.14430/arctic4459


Simms, R. (2015). Indigenous water governance in British Columbia and Canada: Annotated bibliography. Vancouver, BC: UBC Program on Water Governance.


Harris, L. Simms, R. (2016). “All of the water that is in our reserves and that is in our territories is ours”: Colonial and indigenous water governance in unceded indigenous territories in British Columbia. Project Report. Canadian Water Network & Water, Economics, Policy and Governance Network. French version available here.

The main findings of this research and insights for decision makers are summarized in a policy brief, available in English and French.


Norman, E.S. (2015) Governing transboundary waters: Canada, the United States and indigenous communities. New York, Routledge.

Bringing together politics of coloniality and indigenous struggles for territorial, cultural and resource rights with water politics at the US-Canada border, this work makes significant conceptual and policy relevant contributions. Skillfully weaving diverse narratives, experiences, and moments of relevance for Indigenous communities on both sides of the border, the book makes for an inspiring read that explores key debates for contemporary water governance. – Karen Bakker and Leila Harris, Co-Directors, Program on Water Governance, University of British Columbia, Canada.