Climatic variation and intersectoral water competition increasingly challenge the effective provision of irrigation services. This article explores their combined effects on irrigation allocation from the Angat Reservoir (Philippines), where domestic water use in Metro Manila has overtaken regional irrigation as the dominant right-holder. Rules protecting Metro Manila’s large right to water ‘interact’ with dry spells to affect irrigation security in wet and dry seasons. Historically, irrigators were uncompensated because re-allocation’s cause was contested as (1) an unforeseeable climatic event (releasing domestic utilities of liability), or (2) produced by urban demand (requiring compensation). Trade-off rules must be prepared to navigate combinatory effects.
Shah, S. H., & Zerriffi, H. (2017). Urban water demand, climatic variation, and irrigation-water insecurity: Interactive stressors and lessons for water governance from the angat river basin (philippines). Water International, 42(5), 543. doi:10.1080/02508060.2017.1342073
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